The differences are in the finer details. You must fine-tune the standard format to accommodate your topic and your audience. If your audience is the military, Strategic Marketing Group warns that the Navy alone produces more than million pages of documentation a year. Keeping this in mind should be your foremost concern because personnel may not have a lot of time to spend on your pages.
Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers. In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics.
End this element with a period.
Depending upon the type of source, it should be listed in italics or quotation marks. A book should be in italics: An individual webpage should be in quotation marks.
The name of the parent website, which MLA treats as a "container," should follow in italics: A song or piece of music on an album should be in quotation marks: Title of container Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to "containers," which are the larger wholes in which the source is located.
For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container. The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container.
The container may also be a television series, which is made up of episodes. The container may also be a website, which contains articles, postings, and other works. Interview by Gareth Von Kallenbach. In some cases, a container might be within a larger container.
You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books, or watched a television series on Netflix. It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used.
Accessed 27 May Other contributors In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc.
If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation. In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc. A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason.
Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc.
Version If a source is listed as an edition or version of a work, include it in your citation. Crowley, Sharon, and Debra Hawhee. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. Number If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation.
Current Conditions and Future Directions. The International Online-Only Journal, vol. Accessed 20 May An executive summary is a short piece of writing that summarizes a business research paper.
It allows an executive to determine, in a very short amount of time, things such as: whether the business research paper is worth reading in its entirety, what the basic points are, and what the conclusion is. Judy Steiner-Williams is a senior lecturer at Kelley Business School who teaches writing and business communication.
Judy Steiner-Williams is a senior lecturer in business communication at the.
Scholarly Research and Related Resources Writing Executive Summaries Search this Guide Search. Scholarly Research and Related Resources: Writing Executive Summaries. The Report Abstract and Executive Summary. Tips for Writing Executive Summaries. HSE Health & Safety Executive Avoiding structural collapses in refurbishment A decision support system Prepared by Loughborough University for the Health and Safety Executive This is a one-stop Portal to assist researchers/postgraduate students in the research process.
You will find information on the whole research process, publishing and. Every research report should include an executive summary which sums up the key points of the report in a nice, concise package for readers. The executive summary should be short in comparison to the overall report, and the exact length should be determined based on the length of the entire report.