Saul McLeodpublishedupdated Developmental psychology is a scientific approach which aims to explain growth, change and consistency though the lifespan. Developmental psychologists study a wide range of theoretical areas, such as biological, social, emotion, and cognitive processes.
Consumer behavior[ edit ] Consumers behavior Consumer behavior refers to the processes consumers go through, and reactions they have towards products or services  Dowhan, It is to do with consumption, and the processes consumers go through around purchasing and consuming goods and services  Szwacka-Mokrzycka, Consumers recognise needs or wants, and go through a process to satisfy these needs.
Consumer behavior is the process they go through as customers, which includes types of products purchased, amount spent, frequency of purchases and what influences them to make the purchase decision or not. There is a lot that influences consumer behavior, with contributions from both internal and external factors  Szwacka-Mokrzycka, Internal factors include attitudes, needs, motives, preferences and perceptual processes, whilst external factors include marketing activities, social and economic factors, and cultural aspects  Szwacka-Mokrzycka, Doctor Lars Perner of the University of Southern California claims that there are also physical factors that influence consumer behavior, for example if a consumer is hungry, then this physical feeling of hunger will influence them so that they go and purchase a sandwich to satisfy the hunger  Perner, Consumer decision making There is a model described by Lars Perner which illustrates the decision making process with regards to consumer behavior.
It begins with recognition of a problem, the consumer recognises a need or want which has not been satisfied. This leads the consumer to search for information, if it is a low involvement product then the search will be internal, identifying alternatives purely from memory.
If the product is high involvement then the search be more thorough, such as reading reviews or reports or asking friends.
The consumer will then evaluate his or her alternatives, comparing price, quality, doing trade-offs between products and narrowing down the choice by eliminating the less appealing products until there is one left. After this has been identified, the consumer will purchase the product.
Finally the consumer will evaluate the purchase decision, and the purchased product, bringing in factors such as value for money, quality of goods and purchase experience  Model taken from Perner, The price of a good or service is largely determined by the market, as businesses will set their prices to be similar to that of other business so as to remain competitive whilst making a profit  Clemons, When market prices for a product are high, it will cause consumers to purchase less and use purchased goods for longer periods of time, meaning they are purchasing the product less often.
Alternatively, when market prices for a product are low, consumers are more likely to purchase more of the product, and more often. The way that promotion influences consumer behavior has changed over time.
In the past, large promotional campaigns and lots of advertising would convert into sales for a business, but nowadays businesses can have success on products with little or no advertising  Clemons, This is due to the internet, and in particular social media.
They rely on word of mouth from consumers using social media, and as products trend online, so sales increase as products effectively promote themselves  Clemons, Thus, promotion by businesses does not necessarily result in consumer behavior trending towards purchasing products.
The way that product influences consumer behavior is through consumer willingness to pay, and consumer preferences  Clemons, This is due to consumer willingness to pay, or their willingness to part with their money they have earned.
Product also influences consumer behavior through customer preferences. For example, take Pepsi vs Coca-Cola, a Pepsi drinker is less likely to purchase Coca-Cola, even if it is cheaper and more convenient.
This is due to the preference of the consumer, and no matter how hard the opposing company tries they will not be able to force the customer to change their mind.Adolescent Problem Behavior • Individual protective factors • Familial protective factors Adolescent Development and Pathways to Problem Behavior.
23 INTRODUCTION: DOMAINS OF ADOLESCENT MATURATION AND DEVELOPMENT Our discussion of patterns of adolescent development begins with viewing adolescence in the context of physical, social and. We explore the effect of dealing patterns on consumer purchase behavior by developing a normative purchase quantity model that can incorporate any dealing pattern.
Normative social influence is a type of social influence that leads to conformity. The sudden change was due to the fact that "the other neighbors'" recycling habits had a direct normative effect on the household to change their recycling behaviors. an individual feels greater pressure to follow suit. How do we distinguish between normative individual differences, temperamental variation, and liably measured, (2) that individual differences in normal development will be inappropriately identi- of the distribution of normative and problematic behavior in non-clinical samples of children and the. Although the 3-year design of our study covered an extensive and critical time window in adolescent development, using a wider time span from childhood onward could further clarify the trajectories of normative beliefs and behavior for both physical and relational aggression, including the possibility of detecting nonlinear patterns of change.
The model adds to the stream of research on optimal purchasing policy by demonstrating how dealing patterns can be incorporated in a simple manner in dynamic programming models. Effect of Normative Behavior in Development of Individual Behavior Patterns PAGES 2. WORDS 1, View Full Essay.
More essays like this: behavior patterns, normative behavior, individual behavior. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.
It describes behavior as a response to an event or environment change during the course of the lifetime of an individual, but behavioral patterns can take over. TPB advocates the need to tackle normative beliefs and control beliefs in any attempt to change behavior.
Challenging the normative beliefs isn't enough but to follow through. Hypothesis 1: In the age-normative pattern of development, aggressive behavior changes its expression in the course of adolescence.
Physical aggression decreases in favor of relational or indirect forms of aggression that are less visible and less likely to be sanctioned. Is individual behavior truly a formation and development of individual concepts or is it simply a conglomeration of normative behavior expectations? It is a question wrought with complex variables.
Many scientists, both social and physical would agree that behavior is developed by environme.