The Constitution of the United States is a document that outlines the basis of the federal national government of the USA. It was written in at the "Constitutional Convention," held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvaniain what we now call Independence Hall. The US Constitution was ratified approved by nine states on June 21, Delaware was the first state to ratify it ; it was later ratified by the remaining states. It replaced the earlier set of government rules, the Articles of Confederation, which were the law of the land from until this document created a group of semi-independent states plus a weak national Congress, with neither an Executive nor a Judicial branch.
What is the UK Constitution? Constitutions organise, distribute and regulate state power. In other countries, many of whom have experienced revolution or regime change, it has been necessary to start from scratch or begin from first principles, constructing new state institutions and defining in detail their relations with each other and their citizens.
By contrast, the British Constitution has evolved over a long period of time, reflecting the relative stability of the British polity. It has never been thought necessary to consolidate the basic building blocks of this order in Britain.
What Britain has instead is an accumulation of various statutes, conventions, judicial decisions and treaties which collectively can be referred to as the British Constitution. It has been suggested that the British Constitution can be summed up in eight words: What the Queen in Parliament enacts is law.
Parliamentary sovereignty is commonly regarded as the defining principle of the British Constitution. This is the ultimate lawmaking power vested in a democratically elected Parliament to create or abolish any law. The British Constitution is derived from a number of sources.
Statutes are laws passed by Parliament and are generally the highest form of law. Conventions are unwritten practices which have developed over time and regulate the business of governing.
Common law is law developed by the courts and judges through cases. The UK is also subject to international law. Finally, because the British Constitution cannot be found in any single document, politicians and lawyers have relied on constitutional authorities to locate and understand the constitution.
An uncodified constitution creates two problems. First, it makes it difficult to know what the state of the constitution actually is.
The flexibility of the UK constitution is evident from the large number of constitutional reforms sinceincluding the abolition of the majority of hereditary peers in the House of Lords, the introduction of codified rights of individuals for the the first time in the Human Rights Actand devolution to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Arguably, however, these recent constitutional reforms may have made the constitution less flexible in some respects:US Constitution Web Sites; Lesson Plans, Teacher Guides, Activities, and more; US Constitution Web Sites.
Documents from the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention (Library of Congress). Pima County Attorney Barbara LaWall on behalf of herself and several other county attorneys and sheriffs, recently said a Arizona proposed immigration provision is an unconstitutional intrusion by the state into immigration policies, which are solely the purview of the Federal Government.
UPSC is a Constitutional Body under Article Part XIV Chapter II of the Constitution of India to discharge their duties, functions and obligations assigned under Article title i: construction of statutes: ch title ii: state organization: ch title iii: legislative branch; commissions: ch title iv: executive branch.
The U.S. Constitution: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions) [David J. Bodenhamer] on srmvision.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Though the U.S.
Constitution was ratified in , its impact on our lives is as recent as today's news.
Claims and counterclaims about the constitutionality of governmental actions are a habit of American politics. The Charters of Freedom. The Declaration of Independence, Constitution and Bill of Rights, collectively known as the Charters of Freedom, have guaranteed the .